中国风复古花纹素材:新概念英语第二册课堂笔记——lesson 000

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Lesson 00                Good news
                   佳音
【New words and expressions】 生词和短语

★secretary  n. 秘书
history
secret

★nervous  adj. 精神紧张的
be nervous
worried:为以后的事情担心
upset:不安的


★afford  v. 负担得起
afford sth.
I can afford the hoilday.有时间去
afford money/time
afford to do sth.
I can afford five yuan./I can afford the book.
/I can afford to buy the book.

★weak  adj. 弱的

★interrupt  v. 插话,打断
(n.)interruption
disturb:打扰某人
interrupt:打断某人的话
Sorry to...

    First listen and then answer the question.
    听录音,然后回答以下问题。
    What was the good news?

    The secretary told me that Mr. Harmsworth would see me. I felt very nervous when I went into his office. He did not look

up from his desk when I entered. After I had sat down, he said that business was very bad. He told me that the firm could not

afford to pay such large salaries. Twenty people had already left. I knew that my turn had come.
    'Mr.Harmsworth,' I said in a weak voice.
    'Don't interrupt,' he said.
    Then he smiled and told me I would receive an extra thousand pounds a year!


参考译文

    秘书告诉我说哈姆斯沃斯先生要见我。我走进他的办公室,感到非常紧张。我进去的时候,他连头也没抬。待我坐下后,他说生意非常不

景气。他还告诉我,公司支付不起这么庞大的工资开支,有20个人已经离去。我知道这次该轮到我了。
    “哈姆斯沃斯先生,”我无力地说。
    “不要打断我的话,”他说。
     然后他微笑了一下告诉我说,我每年将得到1,000 英镑的额外收入。

【课文讲解】

look down upon/on sb:瞧不起某人
I look down upon my sister.
I look down 往地上看
The firm could not afford to pay such large salaries.
collect salary 领薪水
pay salary 支付薪水
so的后面加形容词或副词
such的后面加名词,容许在该名词前面加修饰词
所有的间接引语都是宾语从句
My turn has come.
It is my turn.轮到我了
in a ... voice
in a loud(大声)/low (低声)/weak(心里不踏实)/strong(理直气壮) voice
a year
an extra thousand
再有多少:数量+extra+名词
two others
two more/once more
another three days

【Key structures】

间接引语
一、主从一致:主句和从句的时态一致
 1.主句的动词为一般现在时,从句为任意时态
 2.主句的动词为一般过去时,从句为相对应的过去时态
 (过去时:一般过去时,过去进行时,过去完成时,过去将来时)
  一般现在时—— 一般过去时
 现在进行时—— 过去进行时
 现在完成时—— 过去完成时
 将来完成时—— 过去将来完成时
 一般过去时—— 过去完成时
二、人称变化
  主要是第一和第二人称变化,设身处地
三、只要属于宾语从句,引导词that考研省略

Exercises B
后面有"人"用tell,否则用say
1.told; would come
2.said; had cut
3.told; had never had
4.did;  say; had done/would do/did
5.did;  tell; had bought
6.said; couldn't
7.said; had worked
8.told; had never written
9.did;  say; were busy
10. said; would wait
先根据原句填时态,再把这句话放到整篇文章中检验

【Special difficulties】

office:办公室
study: 书房
desk: 课桌

exercises
1.study
2.office
3.nervous
4.afford
5.irritable

【Multipe choice】

6.....d...
(书面语)my turn has come,(口语)it is my turn
轮到谁:whose turn (is it)?who is next?

10...c...
It's your turn.You're next.

12....
extra,other,more,another
最灵活的是more,two more eggs,once more
more可以放数词和名词之间,甚至可以放在整个名词的后面
extra和other一定放在数词和名词之间,another一定放在数词前面
over sth:超过(多余)什么东西,over three years
up:往上,climb up

【Grammar】
一般过去进行时:跟过去的一个时间或动作同时发生
间接引语
如果是现在进行时在直接引语当中变成间接引语,极有可能选用过去完成时

1.My brother____while he____his bicycle and hurt himself.
  A.fell/was riding     B.feel/was riding
  C.had fallen/rode     D.had fallen/was riding
 fell(跌下来),ride(骑自行车) A

2.He____his leg as he_____in a football match.
  A.broke/played        B.was breaking/was playing
  C.broke/was playing   D.was breaking/played
break one's leg    C

3.My father will be here tomorrow.
  I thought that he____today.
  A.was coming     B.is coming
  C.will come      D.comes    A
be coming表示将要
go/come/leave/arrive的过去进行时态很有可能表达过去将来时态的含义
跟go/come/leave/arrive相连的词一定会用进行时态表示将来时态

4.Jack was going out of the shop when he collided with an old woman
who____
  A.come               B.was coming
  C.had been coming    D.had come
collide:相撞,是相对概念  B

5.Mike couldn't come to the telephone when Mr.Smith called her because
she___C__in the lab.
  A.had been working     B.has been working
  C.was working          D.worked